Wellbeing – week 8

The use of textiles historically contribute to wellbeing:

  • The relationship between stitching and wellbeing has been proven to have beneficial effect to those suffering during war, conflict or confinement.

Healing stitches:

  • Thomas Wood, Portrait of Private Thomas Walker. English, 1856. Royal College of surgeons:RCSSC/P 228. Walker was injured at the Battle of Inkerman and was visited by Queen Victoria.
  • Soldier sewing as a recovery from war while in confinement in hospitals.
  • Postings to far away countries for many years were stressful, and gave rise to psychological complaints.- Breward 2010
  • It was acknowledged that craft processes were a powerful aid to healing during war and as Jaqueline Hyman suggests a ‘distraction from drink’ (Hyman 2014)

The therapeutic qualities of stitch:

  • Calming potential of stitch in the most abject of circumstances of a Second World War prisoner of war camp.

Exploring the calming potential of stitch in a second world war camp:

  • Stitch used in the most abject of circumstances of a Second World War prisoner of war camp
  • Aesthetically the work is challenging, conveying the horrific circumstances in which it was stitched, while we can only imagine tiny sections being pulled up to work on whilst the main body of the sheet was left hidden.
  • Bed sheet from Stanley internment camp, WWII
  • An internee called Daisy Sage embroidered in secret at Stanely Internment Camp in Hong Kong, placing over 1000 names onto a bed sheet.

Girl Guide Quilt, Changi, WWII

The importance of hand and mind occupied during confinement:

  • Elizabeth Fry was a social reformer
  • She formed the British ladies’ Society for the Reformation of Female Prisoners in 1821.
  • Elizabeth Fry, 1780-1845: The relationship between well-being, stitching and confinement

Fine cell work:

  • Fine Cell Work was founded by Lady Anne Tree in the 1960’s.
  • It currently works with 22 prisons in England and Scotland.
  • Fine Cell Work is a registered charity.

my opinion on watching the video: About learning new skills in a places that people or think they have nothing to give. Its about helping people develop as a person but doing this in embroidery. Also gives them something to look forward to in the future. I based in prisons all across the Uk.

“I AM LEARNING A NEW SKILL WHICH I DID NOT THINK POSSIBLE. I ALSO KNOW THAT PEOPLE DO CARE ABOUT ME AND WHAT I DO BECAUSE OTHERWISE WHY WOULD PEOPLE TAKE AN INTEREST IN MY FINE CELL WORK! I NOW BELIEVE WHAT OTHERS THINK ABOUT ME MAKES A REAL DIFFERENCE TO HOW I CONDUCT MYSELF.” STEVE, HMP WANDSWORTH” -http://www.finecellwork.co.uk/about_us/stitching_a_futureThe importance of hand and mind occupied during confinement:

Mindful Stitch:
Emma Swinnerton practice based research.

  • Research into the importance of societal wellbeing has led to the introduction of mindfulness practices within westernised medicine during the latter part of the 20th Century and 21st Century. Medical pioneers have taken aspects of the spiritual approach of Zen Buddhism and created pivotal influence, highlighting the positive impact mindfulness practices can have on mental health.

Report Findings:

  • Happier countries are richer countries. This includes social factors: strong social support, absence of corruption, personal freedom.
  • Over time as living standards have risen, so too have increased levels of happiness: the world, on average, is a little happier in the last 30 years.
  • happiness is lowest in middle age.

How may practitioners contribute to wellbeing?

Making it slow: during our giving and gifting lecture we touched upon the slow movement and discussed artisanal breads. “The slow philosophy is not just about doing everything at a snail’s pace. It’s about seeking to do everything at the right speed.” Carl Honoré, In Praise of Slow.

Make it Slow:

Make it Slow curated by Grace Whowell ,Woodend Gallery, Scarborough, Oct 2013-Jan 2014“In simple terms, the Slow Movement promotes a cultural shift towards slowing down certain aspects of our lives so that we can reconnect with the essential things: food, our families and friends, our locality and community, the things we make and use.”

Knitting and wellbeing;

Henry Moore, 1940-41, sketchbook, – In the drawings we find a quiet form of craft activity that is as relevant today as it was 74 years ago. The items being knitted in the drawing would undoubtedly have been for servicemen, or for family members, in a bid to ‘make do and mend’. The Women huddled together in these most traumatic circumstances, symbolically, represent fortitude, duty, and love, while the therapeutic and calming qualities of knit would have been used simply as a hand steadying, mind employing activity.

Stitchlinks:

Knit and stitch contributing to wellbeing. is a UK based organisation sharing support and experience at the core of ground breaking research into how craft, in particular knitting can contribute to wellbeing.

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Collaborative consumption

A new economic model based on renting, lending, sharing, swapping and gifting. Renting :

  • Netflix – movies, Tv programs
  • Rente Vous
  • Keep and Share
  • Bag Borrow or Steal – Renting what we can buy.

Sharing:

  • Facebook – share anything
  • Instagram – share images
  • Wikipedia – share knowledge
  • Repair cafe – share skills

Swapping:

  • Leftover swap – people can come get your left over food.
  • The moss cider project
  • swishing

redistribution and gifting:

  • freecycle
  • Incredible edible
  • The real dunk food project
  • Ebay

why now? has collaborative consumption – the economic recession

  • can’t afford to buy new products
  • access to product for lower cost or can make money

why now? Environmental concerns

  • Concerns regarding the impacts of making new products
  • Lifecycles of product are extended

why now? Social media

  • Collaborative consumption happens on a small local scale
  • Collaborative consumption happens on a huge global scale

why now? Desire for meaningful interactions

  • Consumerism has encouraged people to be individualistic
  • Collaboration means people feel part of a community

why now? Gen Y familiar with de-materialised products and prioritise access over ownership

  • Ownership
  • Access

Trust: Trust is central to collaborative consumption and allows satisfying interactions between strangers Platforms for collaborative consumption may have systems to encourage trust e.g. Seller reviews/feedback Critical Mass: If these ideas were only adopted and sustained by a small number of people they would not have created a new economic model, but more likely withered away A critical mass of participants in needed to sustain this model The Future of Collaborative Consumption?

  • Credit Rating
  • Reputation – This might take over credit rating.

What does this mean for designers? Design may become about services and interactions as much as it is about products and ‘stuff’

READING LIST: (FIND ON POWERPOINT)

Archival Interventions

What is an archive?

What different types of archives are there out there? Digital, Library, gallery and museum.

What might an archive contain? Art, textiles, books, paper, picture and Journals.

How is an archive structured? Date, number, theme and topic.

Georges Perec- all different way of arguing books.

This stop used from finding new things, which is apart of the process we do. Time capsule – Andy Warhol.

On Kawara -Date Paintings
Conceptual artist playing on repetition and documentation.

Photo, Memory and Archive:

Christian Boltaski – public memory, helps other understand the past. How do we come to know and understand the past?

Monuments Series – photographic images can trouble public memory of the past thought different assemblages.

Monument: The Children of Dijon (1986):

  • Raising questions about the nature and function of public memory.
  • Installations serve as a collective archive which reflects on history.
  • As spectators we experience these snapshots of private images. Anonymous individuals brought together through the work.

The Reserve of the Dead Swiss (1990):

  • Photographs of anonymous dead people from obituary notices in Swiss newspapers.
  • Swiss victims – neutral zone.
  • Evocations of torture and interrogation.

Atlas:

  • Constructions of public identity through media culture and constructions of personal/private identity through the family photograph.
  • Memory = different kinds of pictorial registers, public and private, different psychic registers.

Sigmund Freud:

  • (1856-1939)
  • Father of Psychoanalysis
  • Treatment of human actions, dreams, artefacts as holding symbolic significance.

Task: (look through foster’s article and respond to the following question)

1 What does Hal Foster say archival artists do? What kinds of examples does he refer to? (pp.3-4)

2. Provide a short summary of Foster’s description and analysis of Thomas Hirschorn’s work – find quotations that help you with this summary (pp. 6-11)

3. Provide a short summary of Foster’s description and analysis of Tacita Dean’s approach to archival material – provide quotations that describe this approach (pp.11-16)

4. How does Sam Durant use objects of material culture as part of his archival art practice? – select quotations/examples that account for this practice (pp.17-21)

Task:

What different kinds of archives can you find?
Local history archives?
Museum collection archives?
Digital on-line archives?
Special collection archives?
Film archives?
Photography archives?
Textile archives?

How would you intervene in an archive?

What kinds of responses might you make and why?

As a practitioner, what is your own archive of work?

Sustainability

When did textiles start getting unsustainable?  the textiles industry had, since the industrial revolution in the 18th century, been processing materials faster and cheaper by improving technology (fletch,2008)

The textile lifecycle:

  •  Design
  • raw materials
  • production
  • packing and transport
  • consumer use
  • end of life

Craftivism – Quote by Betsey Greer

“a way of looking at life where voicing opinions through creativity makes your voice stronger, your compassion deeper and your quest for justice more infinite.”

Task: (need to finish this!!! when started my research)

What sub-themes are you finding on your research topic?

List some key authors on your subject or keywords/examples for your topic or theme.

How might you structure your review of the literature on your research topic?

The Future Workplace

The further workplace:

• What will work be like in 2030?  More technology & faster way of life  Thing to turn around faster!  Or things go back to been slow or things can’t go any faster.

• how old will you be? 37

• Where will you be working?  In a trend forecast or design based job – working face to face.

• How do you think your time will be occupied?  Working,sleeping,eating

• What do you think your daily routine might involve?  Drawing, traveling, working with designer face to face.

• How has the future been thought about in the past? Charlie Chaplin – factory work:  Modernity: Emergence of manufacturing system  In the nineteenth century- Division of labour – exchange labour for wages.  Growing markets  Steam and machinery revolutionises industrial. The manufacture and regulation: the work on the body is to much!

Henry ford – assembly line factory 1913.  Specialisation In labour.  What the work places of the past was like!! Look in to  Raiding the ice box – book  Frederick Taylor – her wanted to find the more ergonomic way to use the body in the best way.  Observation!  Frankfurt kitchen 1926-7  Look how people move around spaces (modernist).  Kitchen store – film 2003  Eadweard muybridge – Tate  Looked at how the camera can’t catch people moving that the eye can’t! – doing this by brokering down the fames.

What about textiles? What the history of textiles?  Links on PowerPoint to look at! But look at PowerPoint for everything  Humans and machines: now working together  Toyotism – just in time model  – reducing gap between production and consumption.  Global economy – big data:  Patterns of work reshaping that.  Using Data to change the way we work.  Production planning – immediately

Zero stock wasted. Cutting down production of waste by the Internet.  Supermarkets:  24 hours turn around.  Excessive stock. Generations – are we?  Macro trends:  Data divination:  Embodiment – making technology make us see things in a highly way.  Our relationship with big data transforms human Nature  Industrial evolution: Moment of transition – email work?  Will we be working at home?  Working on 3D printers?

Task:

1) what research topic am i interested in exploring?  Archives and Interventions

2)What is my specialism and role? How does this dictate what context I should look at for information on this research topic? my specialism is embroidery and i am a designer maker. I need to make sure the topic is open to my opinion or something i can relate to. It needs to be for me something i can relate to as i can be passion about it and as a designer maker is can be my thought/opinion the driver me.

3)What methods have been used by other researchers on this topic?

4)What methods might I use that will bring my research topic and my specialism together? The research i will use it been looking for embroiders that are using archives or designer maker. I will look at archives myself thought embroidery to see how embroidery as been documented.

Task 2: Glossary (build a glossary of definitions for these different methods and how you might use them – need to finish)

  • Observation/shadowing analysis
  • Cultural probes/user diaries
  • Role playing tools
  • Focus Groups
  • Workshops
  • Interviews
  • Divergent thinking around an issue/problem
  • Personas – based on user lifestyles
  • Documentary forms
  • Questionnaires
  • Scenario Building
  • Social enterprise activities
  • Video ethnography
  • On-line community forums

Reading : (need to finish)

Melanie Miller, ‘The Romance of Modern Manufacture – A Brief History of Embroidered Embellishment’ in Melanie Miller and June Hill, Mechanical Drawing – The Schiffili Project [exhibition catalog]. Manchester: Righton Press/Manchester Metropolitan University, pp.18-25

Theory and context (first lecture of second year – 3rd October)

Research trends: (different ones every week)

  • The future workplace. (builds/space/transport/sleep/time)
  • Sustainable materials. (new material/how its made?)
  • Archival interventions. (library’s/galleries/museums)
  • Innovations in giving. (time/collaborative giving back to people)
  • Collaborative. (group work/trying something different)
  • well being. (happy/people/animals/metal health)

Texting thinking:  a topic in your specialism and provides new insights into the textile practices.

Archival Intercentions: an investigation into exhibition or collection at a museum or gallery. its about how it inspires you and how they shows in your own textile practice.

  1. what research topic am i interested in exploring?  I am thinking about doing well being or sustainable? I want to do well being as it very open and will be more fun to play around with. Sustainable is something that many people have done but I want to try push even more or try.
  2.  what is my specialism and role? how does this dictate what context i should look at for information on this research topic!    My specialism is embroidery and my role is a designer marker. I think my role will made me thinking about what topic i am choose to look at as its about how i can develop by ideas in to my work but on the hand i do want to push my self to try something different.
  3. what method have been used but other researchers on the topic?  I think well being as been done in research more in a science way, as statistics. As the for well being is more normal looked from a hospital point of view as that where we think of well being. sustainable has been done every way i can think of to asking people there views/diagrams/survey and many more. 
  4. what methods might i used that will bring my research topic and mt specialism together? I think i might try something new different try get more people talking about this well being from there point of view to get my research stated but not as a survey. I been thinking about getting people to stitch with they think about it to bring them together in a simple way at first.  

Different researching skills:

  • Scoping – finding out whats out there?
  • Mapping – looking at key concepts or themes that make up your research topic.
  • Focusing – marring down to your own specific take on the research topic based.
  • Books/journals/internet.

Wellbeing-stats-diagram-3 http://www.biglotteryfund.org.uk/research/health-and-well-being -website: health and well being – 3/10/14

Task (10th February)

Comp shop Report. 

for this task, we had to get in to groups of 3 or 4 and plan a shopping trip to different shops, mass market, high street and high end. It could also be different department stores. We had to answer some questions. My group decided to do baby clothes at all design levels with primark for mass market, next for high street and Mamas & Papas for high end. 

we went to the new shopping centre in Leeds the Trinity. We answer the question when in the shops and took photos.Then we start the Powerpoint presentation and what each of us was going to say in the lecture the next week.